For temporary sheds mud mortar is suitable but for all permanent buildings lime or cement mortars are utilized.
Different terms and definitions associated with Brick Masonry:
Course: A course refers to a layer of the same unit that runs parallel in a wall.
It is also described as a continuous row of any masonry unit like bricks concrete masonry units (CMU), stone, shingles, tiles, etc.
Bed: It belongs to the surface of stone vertical to the line of pressure. It specifies the lower surface of bricks or stones in every course.
Back: It is the inward surface of a wall that is not uncovered. The material that is used to develop the back is called backing.
Face: The outside of wall uncovered to weather is called face. The material that is utilized in the face of the wall is named as facing.
Hearting: It belongs to the inside part of a wall among n the facing and backing.
Side: It refers to the surface that builds up the boundary of bricks or stones in a transverse direction to the face and bed.
Joint: It is the meeting point of two or more bricks or stones. If the joint is parallel to the bed of bricks or stones in a course then it is termed as bed joint. Alternatively, it is a horizontal layer of mortar on which masonry units are arranged.
The joints which are set perpendicular to the bed joints are called vertical joints or side joints or just joints.